Source code for cornac.models.vbpr.recom_vbpr

# Copyright 2018 The Cornac Authors. All Rights Reserved.
# Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
# you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
# You may obtain a copy of the License at
# Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
# distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
# See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
# limitations under the License.
# ============================================================================

import numpy as np

from ..recommender import Recommender
from ...exception import CornacException
from ...exception import ScoreException
from ...utils import fast_dot

[docs]class VBPR(Recommender): """Visual Bayesian Personalized Ranking. Parameters ---------- k: int, optional, default: 10 The dimension of the gamma latent factors. k2: int, optional, default: 10 The dimension of the theta latent factors. n_epochs: int, optional, default: 20 Maximum number of epochs for SGD. batch_size: int, optional, default: 100 The batch size for SGD. learning_rate: float, optional, default: 0.001 The learning rate for SGD. lambda_w: float, optional, default: 0.01 The regularization hyper-parameter for latent factor weights. lambda_b: float, optional, default: 0.01 The regularization hyper-parameter for biases. lambda_e: float, optional, default: 0.0 The regularization hyper-parameter for embedding matrix E and beta prime vector. use_gpu: boolean, optional, default: True Whether or not to use GPU to speed up training. trainable: boolean, optional, default: True When False, the model is not trained and Cornac assumes that the model already \ pre-trained (U and V are not None). verbose: boolean, optional, default: True When True, running logs are displayed. init_params: dictionary, optional, default: None Initial parameters, e.g., init_params = {'Bi': beta_item, 'Gu': gamma_user, 'Gi': gamma_item, 'Tu': theta_user, 'E': emb_matrix, 'Bp': beta_prime} seed: int, optional, default: None Random seed for weight initialization. References ---------- * He, R., & McAuley, J. (2016). VBPR: Visual Bayesian Personalized Ranking from Implicit Feedback. """ def __init__(self, name='VBPR', k=10, k2=10, n_epochs=50, batch_size=100, learning_rate=0.005, lambda_w=0.01, lambda_b=0.01, lambda_e=0.0, use_gpu=False, trainable=True, verbose=True, init_params=None, seed=None): super().__init__(name=name, trainable=trainable, verbose=verbose) self.k = k self.k2 = k2 self.n_epochs = n_epochs self.batch_size = batch_size self.learning_rate = learning_rate self.lambda_w = lambda_w self.lambda_b = lambda_b self.lambda_e = lambda_e self.use_gpu = use_gpu self.init_params = {} if init_params is None else init_params self.seed = seed def _init_factors(self, n_users, n_items, features): from ...utils import get_rng from ...utils.init_utils import zeros, xavier_uniform rng = get_rng(self.seed) self.beta_item = self.init_params.get('Bi', zeros(n_items)) self.gamma_user = self.init_params.get('Gu', xavier_uniform((n_users, self.k), rng)) self.gamma_item = self.init_params.get('Gi', xavier_uniform((n_items, self.k), rng)) self.theta_user = self.init_params.get('Tu', xavier_uniform((n_users, self.k2), rng)) self.emb_matrix = self.init_params.get('E', xavier_uniform((features.shape[1], self.k2), rng)) self.beta_prime = self.init_params.get('Bp', xavier_uniform((features.shape[1], 1), rng)) # pre-computed for faster evaluation self.theta_item = np.matmul(features, self.emb_matrix) self.visual_bias = np.matmul(features, self.beta_prime).ravel()
[docs] def fit(self, train_set): """Fit the model. Parameters ---------- train_set: :obj:`` Multimodal training set. """, train_set) if train_set.item_image is None: raise CornacException('item_image modality is required but None.') # Item visual feature from CNN train_features = train_set.item_image.features[:self.train_set.num_items].astype(np.float32) self._init_factors(n_users=train_set.num_users, n_items=train_set.num_items, features=train_features) if self.trainable: self._fit_torch(train_features)
def _fit_torch(self, train_features): import torch from tqdm import tqdm def _l2_loss(*tensors): l2_loss = 0 for tensor in tensors: l2_loss += tensor.pow(2).sum() return l2_loss / 2 def _inner(a, b): return (a * b).sum(dim=1) dtype = torch.float device = torch.device("cuda:0") if (self.use_gpu and torch.cuda.is_available()) \ else torch.device("cpu") F = torch.tensor(train_features, device=device, dtype=dtype) # Learned parameters Bi = torch.tensor(self.beta_item, device=device, dtype=dtype, requires_grad=True) Gu = torch.tensor(self.gamma_user, device=device, dtype=dtype, requires_grad=True) Gi = torch.tensor(self.gamma_item, device=device, dtype=dtype, requires_grad=True) Tu = torch.tensor(self.theta_user, device=device, dtype=dtype, requires_grad=True) E = torch.tensor(self.emb_matrix, device=device, dtype=dtype, requires_grad=True) Bp = torch.tensor(self.beta_prime, device=device, dtype=dtype, requires_grad=True) optimizer = torch.optim.Adam([Bi, Gu, Gi, Tu, E, Bp], lr=self.learning_rate) for epoch in range(1, self.n_epochs + 1): sum_loss = 0. count = 0 progress_bar = tqdm(total=self.train_set.num_batches(self.batch_size), desc='Epoch {}/{}'.format(epoch, self.n_epochs), disable=not self.verbose) for batch_u, batch_i, batch_j in self.train_set.uij_iter(self.batch_size, shuffle=True): gamma_u = Gu[batch_u] theta_u = Tu[batch_u] beta_i = Bi[batch_i] beta_j = Bi[batch_j] gamma_i = Gi[batch_i] gamma_j = Gi[batch_j] feat_i = F[batch_i] feat_j = F[batch_j] gamma_diff = gamma_i - gamma_j feat_diff = feat_i - feat_j Xuij = beta_i - beta_j \ + _inner(gamma_u, gamma_diff) \ + _inner(theta_u, \ + log_likelihood = torch.nn.functional.logsigmoid(Xuij).sum() reg = _l2_loss(gamma_u, gamma_i, gamma_j, theta_u) * self.lambda_w \ + _l2_loss(beta_i) * self.lambda_b \ + _l2_loss(beta_j) * self.lambda_b / 10 \ + _l2_loss(E, Bp) * self.lambda_e loss = - log_likelihood + reg optimizer.zero_grad() loss.backward() optimizer.step() sum_loss += count += len(batch_u) if count % (self.batch_size * 10) == 0: progress_bar.set_postfix(loss=(sum_loss / count)) progress_bar.update(1) progress_bar.close() print('Optimization finished!') self.beta_item = self.gamma_user = self.gamma_item = self.theta_user = self.emb_matrix = # pre-computed for faster evaluation self.theta_item = self.visual_bias =
[docs] def score(self, user_id, item_id=None): """Predict the scores/ratings of a user for an item. Parameters ---------- user_id: int, required The index of the user for whom to perform score prediction. item_id: int, optional, default: None The index of the item for that to perform score prediction. If None, scores for all known items will be returned. Returns ------- res : A scalar or a Numpy array Relative scores that the user gives to the item or to all known items """ if item_id is None: known_item_scores = np.add(self.beta_item, self.visual_bias) if not self.train_set.is_unk_user(user_id): fast_dot(self.gamma_user[user_id], self.gamma_item, known_item_scores) fast_dot(self.theta_user[user_id], self.theta_item, known_item_scores) return known_item_scores else: if self.train_set.is_unk_item(item_id): raise ScoreException("Can't make score prediction for (item_id=%d)" % item_id) item_score = np.add(self.beta_item[item_id], self.visual_bias[item_id]) if not self.train_set.is_unk_user(user_id): item_score +=[item_id], self.gamma_user[user_id]) item_score +=[item_id], self.theta_user[user_id]) return item_score